About Legal Nurse Consulting


What is a Legal Nurse Consultant?

Nurses are meticulous people. Requirements throughout their careers mean nurses are continually updating their education and competencies. In concert with their dedication, reliability, and professional experience inside the healthcare industry, these traits make nurses on target to function as a legal nurse consultant.



Nurses are always advocating for safe and ethical health care practices. Legal nurse consulting is considered a specialty nursing field by the American Nursing Association, not a legal specialty. Legal Nurse Consultants (LNCs) work as behind the scenes consultants, fact witnesses, and testifying experts. We provide professional reports after comprehensive reviews of medical records. LNCs look for any deviations from the Standards of Care (SOC) or evidence of tampering in a chart. We work with defense or plaintiff attorneys. Some LNCs work in-house with legal firms. Other LNCs are self-employed and work independently with many clients. Additional roles that LNCs perform include medical research, participating in independent medical exams (IMEs), assisting with depositions, and developing interrogatories. We work with insurance companies and health care organizations. In health care organizations, LNCs frequently work in risk management. Some LNCs also pursue Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANEs) certificates or Nurse Life Care Planners (LCPs). They may serve in criminal settings as well.



Nurses have informed and assisted attorneys by reviewing health-related cases for over 50 years. Throughout our nursing careers, we create and review charts daily. We understand the charts better than any other healthcare worker, including the physicians. LNCs are also less expensive than the physicians that attorneys, insurance companies, HMOs, hospitals, or government agencies hire for chart review and organization, report writing, assisting with depositions, creating demonstrative evidence (visual aids), and locating or testifying as experts. All licensed nurses can perform these services in not only their current state of licensure but all states. Some nurses get specialized training, certificates, or degrees to pursue these various legal nurse consulting career paths. The Legal Nurse Consultant Certified (LNCC) is the only certification with the American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants endorsement and is accredited by the Accreditation Board for Specialty Nursing Certification.


Areas of Practice

LNCs work in all areas of litigation involving medical records. These areas can include personal injury, nursing home abuse, nursing malpractice, criminal (sexual assault, Medicare fraud, etc.), worker’s compensation and workplace injury, product liability, mass tort, pharmaceutical, toxic tort, elder care, Medicare set-aside, and more. We also work in health care facilities doing quality reviews to ensure compliance with state and federal regulations. LNCs instruct organizations, nurses, and health care professionals on practice issues related to legal and ethical matters. We work with patient safety organizations, as well. LNCs can assist risk managers in evaluating or creating policies to minimize liability exposures. We assist legal teams with investigating cases by developing visual charts or infographics and materials for use in depositions and trials. Nurses can best perform interviews and obtain desired facts from those who attorneys represent. Attending depositions, trials, review panels, arbitrations, and mediation hearings are all facets of the LNC specialty. Forensics is another area in which some LNCs are involved.



If you would like to find out more about the specialty of Legal Nurse Consulting, we encourage you to go to the American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants website at http://www.aalnc.org/.

You can also email our WVUOV-AALNC Chapter at hello@wvuov-aalnc.com, and we will help with any questions you may have.


What is the American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants?
The American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants (AALNC) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the professional enhancement of registered nurses practicing in a consulting capacity in the legal field.  Founded in 1989, AALNC serves as a resource to its members and provides a forum for education and information exchange. The AALNC Code of Ethics and Conduct provides guidelines for professional performance and practice that affirm the values and practices of the American Nurses Association.



If you are a member of AALNC and would like to join a Chapter, please consider WVUOV-AALNC. We are an online Chapter with members all across the country. This is great for networking, finding subcontractors, or working as a subcontractor for someone.

We have a webinar every month. These webinars cover a range of topics, and you can earn CEUs. Members can purchase these webinars at a reduced price. We would love to have you. Please go to our membership page for more information.



Our Chapter has nurses from a variety of specialty areas. If you are looking for a Legal Nurse Consultant, please contact us at hello@wvuov-aalnc.com. We also have a list of CVs in our expert section of this website. We are available to assist you with cases or provide more information about how nurses can benefit you.



What is a Legal Nurse Consultant?

Legal nurse consulting is the analysis and evaluation of facts and testimony and the rendering of informed opinions related to the delivery of nursing and other healthcare services and outcomes, and the nature and cause of injuries. The legal nurse consultant is a licensed registered nurse who performs a critical analysis of clinically related issues in various legal contexts. With a strong educational and experiential foundation, the nurse expert is qualified to assess adherence to standards and practice guidelines as applied to nursing practice.


AALNC - About Certification

Certification as a Legal Nurse Consultant Certified (LNCC®) shows nurse colleagues, clients, employers, and others in the medical-legal system that you are knowledgeable of, experienced in, and committed to the specialty of legal nurse consulting. The process of becoming certified enhances your professional development and provides opportunities for professional growth. Click on the links below to learn more about this valuable investment in your career!

AALNC - Examination Process

The certification examination is based on an analysis of legal nurse consulting practice. The practice analysis and the examination were developed with the assistance of SMT. The test consists of 200 multiple choice items and is approximately 4 hours in length. It is designed to test the nurse's ability to apply legal nurse consulting knowledge. Questions are in the form of case studies; a reading passage is followed by one or more questions related to the passage.

AALNC Position Statements

The following position statements express AALNC's stance on important issues related to legal nurse consulting:


Certification vs. Certificate

People often ask, "What is the difference between certification and a certificate?" To help you communicate with your colleagues and clients and help avoid confusion in the marketplace, we have provided you the comparison below.

Setting and enforcing standards for certification, the Accreditation Board for Specialty Nursing Certification (ABSNC) protects the public and consumers through their mission to assure the public that the nurse holding the credential from an accredited certification program possesses the knowledge, skills, and competency for quality practice in the specialty. In compliance with ABSNC standards and requirements, the American Legal Nurse Consultant Certification Board (ALNCCB) certifies legal nurse consultant professionals through the Legal Nurse Consultant Certified (LNCC) program. Unlike many certificate programs offered by colleges and private educational providers, the LNCC program is practice-based. It teaches individuals how to become legal nurse consultants. Instead, it measures an individual's "knowledge-in-use" - applying knowledge and skills by those with real-life experience in this role.





  • Results from an assessment process that recognizes an individual's knowledge, skills, and competency in a particular specialty
  • Typically requires professional experience.
  • Awarded by a third-party, standard-setting organization, typically not for profit
  • Indicates mastery/competency as measured against a defensible set of standards, usually by application or exam
  • Standards set through a defensible, industry-wide process (job analysis/role delineation) that results in an outline of required knowledge and skills
  • Typically results in credentials to be listed after one's name (LNCC, ONC, CCRN)
  • Has on-going requirements to maintain; the holder must demonstrate he/she continues to meet requirements.


  • Results from an educational process
  • For newcomers and experienced professionals
  • Awarded by educational programs or institutions often for-profit
  • Indicates completion of a course or series of courses with a specific focus (different than a degree-granting program)
  • Course content is determined by the specific provider or institution, not standardized.
  • Usually listed on a resume detailing education.
  • Demonstrates knowledge of course content at the end of a set period



Certification generally refers to an earned credential that demonstrates the holder's specialized knowledge, skills, and experience.

Certification differs from a certificate program, which is usually an educational offering that confers a document at the program's conclusion.

Accreditation of certification involves a voluntary, self-regulatory process. Accreditation is granted by meeting stated quality criteria.

LNCC is the only legal nurse consulting credential recognized by AALNC and accredited by ABSNC.

Some content adapted from Certified Fund Raising Executives International - www.cfre.org